Well Child Care
Seeing children and parents at regular intervals is important in maintaining your child's health. Evaluating growth and development, discussing safety, nutrition, behavior and answering age related questions are the functions of well child/adolescent visits. We encourage the following schedule of visits; (the ages mentioned are approximate):
- Hospital Newborn Exam
- Within 1-2 weeks of age
- 2 months
- 4 months
- 6 months
- 9 months
- 12 months
- 18 months
- 2 years
- Yearly visits ages 2-6 years
- After age 6, yearly or alternate years. PLEASE CHECK YOUR INSURANCE COVERAGE.
During some of these visits, immunizations will be given and routine laboratory tests may be done.
Vision and hearing tests are also given regularly. We encourage advance scheduling of well childcare. For infants, please schedule your next check up at the end of your visit. Otherwise, we suggest you call 6-8 weeks ahead of the time you wish to be seen. We attempt to schedule older children (5 year and older) for their physicals in the summer to keep sufficient time available to see our sick children during he illness season. Generally, we see well children 9-11 a.m. and 1-3 p.m. and sick children later in the morning and afternoon to prevent the spread of illness.
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Sick Child Care
Please call us if you are bringing your child in, so that we can have both the chart and a time available. We will see sick children on the same day whenever possible. The best time to call is in the morning. If you suspect that your child has a highly contagious disease such as chicken pox, we will ask you to enter the office through our back door.
The appointment time for sick children is shorter than for well child visits. If your child is already scheduled for a true well child visit, but happens to be sick, we can still do the checkup. If you have an additional sick sibling, please call ahead so that we can accommodate you.
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After Hours Care
When our office is closed, either Dr. Salloum or his nurse Deborah Jaimes will personally answer your after hours phone call. They will advise you what to do.
If possible, it is best to call before 8:00 p.m. If your child needs medication, it may be difficult to get a prescription filled after 8:00p.m. If possible please have the phone number of your pharmacy.
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Help With the Sick Child
We've put some effort into compiling some helpful care guide lines for parents to follow with their sick child. These guide lines are not intended to replace qualified medical care (please view our care disclaimer). However, they are intended to provide a care giver some easy to follow steps to help their child feel better.
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THE COMMON COLD
Colds last from one to two weeks, usually with a gradual one to two day onset, followed by full-blown symptoms.
It is possible for young children to get up to eight colds yearly; adolescents average two to four per year. Frequent colds in young children are important in building immunities. A cold may be caused by more than 100 different viruses. Colds are more frequent during winter as there is more closer contact of people.
Children's colds almost always seem worse at night. In day time the child swallows secretions from his/her irritated nose easily. But in sleep, secretions accumulate in the throat causing a gag or cough. Coughing is a good thing in one sense, for it guards against aspirating mucous into the lungs.
Your child will be more comfortable if the obstruction of his/her nose is relieved. Encourage an increased intake of fluids. Use a cool mist humidifier or a vaporizer. Vaporizers can be used if the child is not close enough or mobile enough to be burned by the steam, to moisten the air in the bedroom.
Use a rubber bulb aspirator to suction the nose of a young infant. Salt water (saline) nose drops help loosen the mucus so it is easier to suction. Commercially prepared saline drops such as Ocean can be used. Use 2 drops in each nostril prior to suctioning. Unless instructed by your doctor, never use decongestant nose drops or sprays in infants and toddlers.
Never use oral cold medicines in infants younger than 2 years unless directed by a physician due to side effects. For older children, follow the package instructions. Try not to use medications unless the child is really bothered by the symptoms. (Sometimes, they can cause drowsiness or excitability depending on the medication.)
Call the office if:
- Your child develops a fever of greater than 100.5 degrees Fahrenheit 3 or more days after the onset of a cold.
- Your child is coughing for longer than 7 days.
- Your child develops any difficulty breathing more than is due to just a stuffy nose.
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DOES MY CHILD HAVE CONSTIPATION?
Constipation is the passing of hard, dry, and sometimes painful stools.
CONSTIPATION: WHAT A PARENT SHOULD DO
- Do not dilute the formula.
- Do not reduce the amount of breast feeding or formula.
- Do not use honey with infants due to the risk of botulism.
For babies 0-6 months of age (and not eating solids):
- Add extra water to the diet (about 1-3 oz each day).
- Mix 2 oz. of water and 1 oz. of prune juice give once a day.
- Increase physical activity (for example: playing, rocking, moving legs or gently massaging the infant.)
For babies 4-12 months of age (and eating solids) or children:
- Encourage your child to drink plenty of fluids. Offer juice or water frequently.
- Give 2 oz. of water (or fruit juice) with 1 oz. of prune juice each day. Do this for 3 days.
- Increase physical activity. For example, allow plenty of floor time for play and movement.
- Add high fiber to the daily diet, such as fruits, vegetables, prunes, cooked beans, apricots, plums, peas, broccoli, whole grain breads, whole grain cereal, graham crackers, and bran muffins. Strained foods have little fiber and won't help with constipation.
- Add 1 teaspoon (tsp.) of bran to moist foods such as mashed potatoes, cereals, applesauce, casseroles, or ground meats. Give an extra 2-4 ounces of fluid for each teaspoon of bran you add to the diet.
- If your child needs more, add 1 more teaspoon every 2-3 days. Make sure you give an extra 2-4 ounces of fluid for each teaspoon of bran.
- If the above doesn't work within 3-5 days, call the child's doctor.
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Fever is part of the body's normal response to infection. Most of these infections are caused by viruses, but occasionally a bacterial infection may be present. Fevers due to viral infections usually last 2-3 days. Most children with fever will be tired, irritable, and have loss of appetite. Fevers usually increase in the evening and at night. This increase does not necessarily mean that the infection is becoming more serious. The appearance and overall functioning of your child are of more significance than the actual height of the fever.
An Approach to Fever:
- If fever develops in a child greater than 2 months old who has no other symptoms and acts well, it is safe to wait and see what happens. Fever is a common symptom of colds and flu like illnesses.
- Fever in infants less than 2 months of age should never be taken casually. It may represent a serious infection, and such children should almost always be seen by a physician, unless a DTaP shot was given in the preceding 24 hours.
Always call the office if:
- Fever persists for over 72 hours; over 24 hours for an infant 2months of age or less.
- Fever develops after the onset of a cold or flu, as this frequently indicates a complication.
- If an infant 2 months of age or less has any fever over 100 degrees, contact the doctor right away.
- The child has a convulsion.
- The child has labored or difficult breathing.
- The child has poor fluid intake, especially if there is associated vomiting and diarrhea.
- There is a marked behavior or personality change or the child is difficult to arouse or is confused or is very lethargic.
- The child has frequent, painful urination.
- Any symptom that alarms you.
Treatment of Fever:
Treating fever does not treat the underlying disease, although it can help the child feel more comfortable. It is not necessary to treat low fever, but the following are suggested for temperatures 102 degrees or higher:
- Dress the child lightly.
- Increase the fluid intake to make up the increased loss of fluid through the skin and increased breathing rate.
- Place the child in a bathtub with lukewarm water. No cold baths.
- Do not use rubbing alcohol. (Toxic Fumes)
- Acetaminophen can be given every 4 hours.
- DO NOT give aspirin of any kind.
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